Increasing Citation Inequality in Science

Citations are a central element of the scientific communication system, used to both identify previous research, rhetoric devices and recognition of the work of other scientists. It is also increasingly used to speculate about the importance of the work of individual scientists through measurements such as the h-index, with potential consequences for the career possibilities of young researchers, funding allocation and generally the pressure on especially early career scientists. In a recent study, we investigated the inequality of citation distributions over time, with emphasis on the top-1% most highly cited scientists. In this presentation, results from this study as well as additional information on citation inequalities are discussed in the context of a publish-or-perish culture.

Block 2: (In)equality in Science

Jens Peter Andersen, Ph.D.

Jens Peter Andersen is a senior researcher at the Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy at Aarhus University. He has a background in library and information science, and his PhD dissertation focused on bibliometric perspectives of research quality in clinical medicine. In his ongoing research he has used bibliometrics in a sociological context to address questions of gender inequality in particularly medical research, including increasing differences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently he was awarded a grant from the Independent Research Foundation Denmark to address broader questions of inequality and especially characteristics of the elite stratum of science.